1948 - 1951
Back to:   1946 - 1948  One Success After Another

Stratford, Church Stretton and the Real India

Having concentrated on film work for the past two years, Esmond now turned his attention back to the stage. In October 1947 Denham Studios agreed to his request not to renew his contract so that he could take up an offer to join the Royal Shakespeare Company for their 1948-49 season at Stratford Upon Avon. And what a company! His colleagues were to include Paul Scofield, Claire Bloom, Robert Helpmann, Douglas Wilmer, Godfrey Tearle, Anthony Quayle, Alfie Bass, John Justin and William Squire. The director of the season was Barry Jackson, in whose Birmingham Repertory Company he had toured in 1927 with Yellow Sands and had met Fran.

It was during a performance of The Taming of the Shrew that the inevitable event that some friends and colleagues had predicted came to be - Esmond fell off the stage. One of his entrances required him to stagger on to the stage backwards, but he misjudged his angle, fell backwards and toppled over the edge "... to loud laughter and applause from the audience! Everybody back-stage thought I must have killed myself but I came-to having seen several remarkable constellations in my head, climbed on to the back of the carpenter and pulled myself on to the stage to continue the play."

Nevertheless, his performances were memorable for finer reasons. When writing his obituary for The Guardian almost 40 years later, Peter Cole wrote that in the 1948 Stratford season Esmond "made Antonio in Merchant of Venice a more noble character than ever before." (He meant Gratiano - Antonio was played by Noel Willman)

Scenes from productions featuring Esmond Knight,

the Royal Shakespeare Company,  Stratford-Upon-Avon 1948-9

The Merchant of Venice

t As Gratiano (left) with Noel Willman as Antonio.

The Winter's Tale


As Leontes (left) with Julian Amyes as Camillo u

The Taming of the Shrew

t As Christopher Sly (right) with Tom Kneale as Bartholomew

The Life and Death of King John

As Chatillon (right) with John Justin as Louis u

Troilus and Cressida

t As Thersites (far left) with Douglas Wilmer (centre) as Achilles

      and Somebody Else (right) as Thingy

  All photographs courtesy of Rosalind Knight

Something more memorable, and longer lasting, also occurred during that Stratford season - a fellow actor in the company, Douglas Wilmer, suggested that he take up painting. Esmond had always drawn and there were artists on both sides of his family, but he had never seriously tried painting before. This chance remark was the beginning of a long and extremely satisfying pastime which Esmond continued for the rest of his life, until his sight deteriorated again in old age. He painted from memory, recalling images from his 35 years of perfect sight for his subjects and combining them with his more recent experiences. Thus his first notable work was a self-portrait as Christopher Sly in The Taming of the Shrew, waiting in the wings to make his entry at Stratford.

Douglas Wilmer became a great friend to Esmond. They had worked together before, at the King's Theatre in Hammersmith two years before, and at Stratford it was Wilmer who took the time to teach Esmond how to make up by touch rather than sight.

At around this time Esmond did a rather less substantial, but nevertheless satisfying, acting job as a favour for Ralph Richardson. Pollock's Toy Theatre in Hoxton Street, Shoreditch, had been badly damaged during the Second World War, but by 1949 it had been restored and to celebrate the occasion, J.B. Priestley had written a special play called The High Toby. At the first performance, Esmond found himself on stage at the toy theatre with Ralph Richardson, Peter Cushing and Priestley himself joining the cast.

1950 saw Esmond busy on both stage and screen. In London he appeared in two plays - Wild Violets and Who is Sylvia? - whilst in Edinburgh he joined the Old Vic Company at the Assembly Rooms to play Tom Quarlous in Bartholomew Fair, with Roger Livesey. He also found time to see Laurence Olivier direct and perform in a play called Venus Observed and clearly had comments to make which he put down in a letter, to which he received the following reply from Durham Cottage, the Olivier's Chelsea home:

15th April 1950

Darling Teddy

Bless you for your sweet letter, and thank you from my heart for your criticism

which is most useful and about which something is being done forthwith. I wish

you had popped round to see me;  I should have so loved to see you again.

Your ever devoted


On screen, Michael Powell once again called upon his services in his next film, Gone to Earth, an adaptation of the novel by Mary Webb. The production was a joint venture between Alexander Korda and David O Selznick and thus the heroine, Hazel Woodus, a wild country girl, half-gipsy, was played by Jennifer Jones (Selnick's lover). Esmond was cast as her father, Abel Woodus, an eccentric character who makes a living as a beekeeper, harpist and coffin maker. Mary Webb was a Shropshire lass and Gone To Earth is set in the south Shropshire hills.

So by chance Esmond found himself on location back in and around Church Stretton where he had spent many months recuperating at St Dunstan's. He was able to revisit' and this time see albeit partially, the places where he had walked and cycled nine years earlier during the difficult months when he was coming to terms with the loss of his sight.

Making a coffin, or possibly a beehive - carpentry was one of various talents displayed by Esmond's as Abel Woodus in the Powell & Pressburger film of Mary Webb's Shropshire novel Gone To Earth (1950).u

The filming of Gone To Earth turned into something of a family affair. Esmond's cousin Jean (Chas Knight's daughter) trained and supplied animals for the production - and they were an important ingredient. Hazel Woodus has a pet fox to which she feels a strong affiliation (in the story she is lusted after and "hunted" by the local squire), and there are scenes which include both and fox hunting and horse racing. Although only one fox appears on screen, Jean Knight trained and used two animals during production.

Esmond's first wife, Frances Clare, was also in the cast, playing the part of Miss Amelia Clomber, and Rosalind appeared as an extra in some scenes filmed at Worcester Races. (At this time Rosalind was on the point of leaving school to follow in her father's footsteps and join the Old Vic, as a member of its new Theatre School, which had been founded by actor Glen Byam Shaw, an old schoolfriend of Esmond's.) Esmond was in good form as the eccentric beekeeper, coffin maker and harpist, Abel Woodus, and clearly enjoyed himself in both the part and the process of filming. At one stage whilst on location, he posted a notice in an appropriately public position for cast and crew to see which read:

p Esmond accompanies Jennifer Jones on the harp as

she sings at the village fete in Powell & Press burger's

Gone to Earth (1950).

Will anyone who might have found, or STOLEN, a magnifying glass with loop handle,

please hand over.  I am attached to this as it is the only thing which, when studying lines,

appears to make my part seem larger.

Abel Knight

(or during the day)

Coffin matured honey on sale in No.4

The production was not so carefree for the producers. Unhappy with the final film, Selznick sued Alexander Korda (unsuccessfully), claiming Korda had not provided the film that he had commissioned, and re-edited it for release in the USA under a different title, The Wild Heart.

EK in The RiverBy this time Esmond had moved on and abroad, travelling to India with Nora to work on The River, an adaptation of another Rumer Godden novel about an English family living in Bengal. The director was Jean Renoir, son of the impressionist painter. He had approached Nora initially to play the mother of the family at the core of the story and Nora suggested Esmond as the father, the manager of a jute factory on the banks of the Ganges. Renoir arranged for them to read a scene together and Esmond got the part which was even adapted to accommodate his limited sight by making his character a wounded war hero.

Esmond in a scene from The River (1950).u

The River was Renoir's first film in colour and, although rarely seen nowadays, is regarded by many as a masterpiece - certainly a most beautiful and exotic piece of work. Not surprisingly it won International Award at the Venice Film Festival that year. For Esmond and and Nora it was a delightful experience; they loved India and thoroughly enjoyed their time there, although the poverty that was in evidence wherever they went shocked them, as did tales violence at this turbulent time in India's history as the country struggled towards independence. 

t Jean Renoir (far right) directing the final scene of The River (1950). Esmond and Nora played husband and wife and loved their time in India during the several months it took to shoot the film.

It was late April when filming was over and before returning to England Nora treated Esmond to a trip to Darjeeling as an early birthday present. He had always wanted to see the Himalayas. With his limited sight this turned out to be more difficult than expected as the mountains were clouded in mist for most of their stay. It was only on their return flight that they eventually managed to achieve their ambition when a willing pilot made a detour above the cloud base which allowed them a superb view from the plane window.

Back in London a newspaper interview with Esmond and Nora revealed that Nora would soon be flying off to Italy to film her scenes in a major Hollywood production, Quo Vadis?, with Robert Taylor, Peter Ustinov and Deborah Kerr (in which Nora's first line, spoken as a group of Roman soldiers arrive at her villa after a long chariot ride, is the classic: "These gentlemen will wish to wash."), while Esmond would "probably" be filming The Tales of Hoffmann for Powell and Pressburger. Unfortunately, for one reason or another, he did not make it into the cast of Hoffmann, the Archer's imaginative realisation of Offenbach's famous opera.

Nor did another plan mentioned in the same newspaper article come to fruition, the publication of a children's book Esmond had written called Down At Unkers. In April 1950 he was in correspondence with Max Reinhardt (husband of actress Margaret Leighton) of Reinhardt & Evans publishers, discussing the project, a story about animals which would be accompanied by 13 illustrations by none other than Esmond's uncle, Chas Knight. However, the book never saw the light of day, possibly because the storyline was ultimately felt to be too scary for children.

Vivien Leigh and Laurence Olivier as Antony and Cleopatra in the Shakespeare play - St James's Theatre 1951. They alternated this with Shaw's Caesar and Cleopatra with Esmond playing Menas in the one (Shakespeare) and Belzanor in the other. u

But if unrealised projects were a disappointment to Esmond at this time, he was in demand elsewhere enough not to dwell over them for long. He was soon invited to join the cast of a bold theatrical venture by Laurence Olivier intended as a vehicle for himself and his wife, Vivien Leigh - the pairing of Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra and George Bernard Shaw's Caesar and Cleopatra, with the Oliviers playing both title roles on alternative nights. They surrounded themselves with a strong cast that included Wilfred Hyde-White, Harry Andrews, Robert Helpmann, Peter Cushing and even Desmond Llewellyn as a Roman soldier! The plays opened on Thursday 10th May 1951 and, despite some critics who claimed that Olivier was effectively lowering his professional standards to meet his lesser talented wife, the double production was a great success with London theatre audiences.

Esmond played Belzanor in the Shaw play and Menas in the Shakespeare and, together with the rest of the cast at the St. James's Theatre, had the pleasure one evening of performing to Winston Churchill who, as was his usual custom, booked three seats, one for himself, one for his daughter Mary and another for his hat and coat. Churchill clearly enjoyed the evening. "By Jove," he remarked to Olivier about Vivien Leigh after the performance, "she's a clinker!"

t Esmond as Menas in Laurence Olivier's 1951 production of Antony and Cleopatra.

Meanwhile, back in Italy, Nora was still heavily involved in the production of Quo Vadis. Her role as Pomponia spans the length of the film and so shooting lasted many months. When the run of Caesar and Cleopatra / Antony and Cleopatra came to an end Esmond joined her there, taking Rosalind, whose school had fortuitously closed early due to an epidemic of whooping cough. Nora's son Francis also joined them, on leave from the Army. They enjoyed a memorable family holiday together, paid for with Nora's expenses from Quo Vadis, and even when Rosalind and Francis had returned home Esmond stayed on in Rome until eventually the offer of work took him back to London.

Esmond and Jennifer Jones - Gone to Earth (1950)
Next:  1951 - 1955   "Dickie Three Eyes"